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become是什么意思_become是什么意思翻译

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become是什么意思,become是什么意思翻译
become是什么意思导读:

答:vi.变得;
变成;
变为,成为;vt.变成;
适合,适宜;
相称,相当;
发生;

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人教版丨八年级下册英语第7单元单词重点句型词汇讲解!



Unit 7单词 (音标)

square 平方;正方形

meter 米;公尺

deep 深的;纵深的

desert 沙漠

population 人口;人口数量

Asia 亚洲

feel free (可以)随便(做某事)

tour 旅行;旅游

tourist 旅行者;观光者

Wall 墙

amazing 令人大为惊奇的;令人惊喜(或惊叹)的

ancient 古代的;古老的

protect 保护;防护

wide 宽的;宽阔的

as far as l know 就我所知

achievement 成就;成绩

southwestern 西南的;西南方向的

thick 厚的;浓的

include 包括;包含

freezing 极冷的;冰冻的

condition 条件;状况

take in 吸入;吞入(体内)

succeed 实现目标;成功

challenge 挑战;考验

in the face of 面对(问题、困难等)

achieve 达到;完成;成功

force 力;力量

nature 自然界;大自然

even though 即使;虽然

ocean 大海;海洋

the Pacific Ocean 太平洋

centimeter 厘米

weigh 重量是……;称……的重量

birth 出生;诞生

at birth 出生时

up to 到达(某数量、程度等);至多有;不多于

adult 成年的;成人的;成人;成年动物

bamboo 竹子

endangered 濒危的

research 研究;调查(用作名词时,重音可放在第一个音节)

keeper 饲养员;保管人

awake 醒着

excitement 激动;兴奋

walk into 走路时撞着

fall over 绊倒

illness 疾病;病

remaining 遗留的;剩余的

or so 大约

artwork 图片;插图

wild 野生的

government 政府;内阁

whale 鲸

oil 油;食用油;石油

protection 保护;保卫

huge 巨大的;极多的

Tenzing Norgay 丹增 诺尔盖

Edmund Hillary 埃德蒙 希拉里

Junko Tabei 田部井淳子

Qomolangma 珠穆朗玛峰

the Nile 尼罗河

the Caspian Sea 里海(世界最大的咸水湖)

the Sahara 撒哈拉沙漠

the Yangtze River 长江

the Yellow River 黄河

the Ming Dynasty 明朝

the Ming Great Wall 明长城

the Himalayas 喜马拉雅山脉

the Amazon River 亚马逊河

[05:09.98]Chengdu Research Base 成都研究基地

Unit7 知识梳理

【重点短语】

1. as big as 与……一样大

2. one of the oldest countries 最古老的国家之一

3. feel free to do sth. 随意地做某事

4. as far as I know 据我所知

5. man-made objects 人造物体

6. part of... ...... 的组成部分

7. the highest mountain 最高的山脉

8. in the world 在世界上

9. any other mountain 其它任何一座山

10. of all the salt lakes 在所有的咸水湖中

11. run along 跨越……

12. freezing weather 冰冻的天气

13. take in air 呼吸空气

14. the first people to do sth. 第一个做某事的人

15. in the face of difficulties 面临危险

16. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

17. achieve one’ s dream 实现某人的梦想

18. the forces of nature 自然界的力量

19. reach the top 到达顶峰

20. even though 虽然;尽管

21. at birth 在出生的时候

22. be awake 醒着

23. run over with excitement 兴奋地跑过去

24. walk into sb. 撞到某人

25. fall over 摔倒

26. take care of 照顾;照料

27. every two years 每两年

28. cut down the forests 砍伐林木

29. endangered animals 濒危动物

30. fewer and fewer pandas 大熊猫越来越少

31. be in danger 处于危险之中

32. the importance of saving these animals 拯救这些动物的重要性

【重点句型】

is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top. 当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。

of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties. 其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。

spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to achieve our dreams. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应该放弃实现自己的梦想。

4. How high is Qomolangma? 穆朗玛峰有多高?

5. Although Japan is older than Canada,it is much smaller.虽然日本比加拿大有更悠久的历史,但是日本比加拿大小多了。

pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating about 10 kilos of bamboo. 成年大熊猫一天要花1 2 个多小时的时间吃大约十千克竹子。

【话题写作】

做为一个中国人,你对我们的中国了解多少呢?请给你在美国的笔友 Dave 写封信,向他介绍你的祖国。80 词左右,恰当运用比较级和最高级,可适当发挥。

中国是亚洲最大的国家。和美国差不多大。

中国有世界上最多的人口。人们友好勤劳。

长江是世界最长的河流之一。 中国有超过 5000 的悠久历史。比美国的历史长多了。

中国有世界最高山峰。

词汇:as…as, population,the Yangtze River ,the third longest ,much longer, Qomolangma

【优秀满分范文】

Dear Dave,

I’m happy to be your pen pal. I’d like to tell you something about China.

China is the biggest country in Asia. It’s almost as big as the USA. China has the biggest population in the world. The people here are friendly and hard-working. The Yangtze River is one of the longest rivers in the world. China is over 5000 years old. It has a much longer history than the US. The Qomolangma is the highest mountain in the world.

I love China very much. Welcome to China and play with me.

Yours,

Li Lei

Unit7 词汇讲解

1. population

population意为“人口”时,是一个集体名词,被看作一个整体,在句中做主语时,后面的谓语动词用单数形式。例如:

The population ofChinais large.

中国人口众多。

【拓展】

(1) 当表示一个城市、地区或国家有多少人口时,常用以下两种结构,即“the population of + 某地 + is + 数词”或“某地 + has a population of + 数词”。例如:

The population of London is over ten million. =

London has a population of over ten million.

伦敦的人口超过一千万。

(2) population可与large,small搭配,但不能与many,few搭配。例如:

The city with its large population has become crowded.

这个人口众多的城市变得拥挤不堪了。

(3) 询问人口数量常用what或how large。例如:

What’s the population of the city? =

How large is the population of the city?

这个城市有多少人口?

(4) population前有修饰词,如分数、百分数时,表示整体人口中的一部分,谓语动词用复数形式。例如:

One half of the population of the city are farmers.

这个城市的一半人口是农民。

2. protect

protect作及物动词,意为“保护”。常用搭配protect sb./sth. from/against…,意为“保护某人/某物免受……伤害”。例如:

We should protect rare animals.

我们应该保护珍稀动物。

Parents protect their young from danger.

父母保护他们的儿女不受伤害。

3. include

include作动词,意为“包括;包含”。例如:

The price for the hotel includes breakfast.

旅店的费用包括早餐在内。

The parcel included a dictionary.

那包裹里有一本字典。

【拓展】

including除了是include的现在分词/动名词之外,在日常运用中一般被当作介词使用,和其后的名词/代词一起形成介宾短语,意思是“包括……在内”。例如:

There are many different kinds of moon cakes, including fruit, coffee and ham.

有很多种月饼,包括水果的,咖啡的和火腿月饼。

There are 40 students in the classroom, including me.

班里有40名学生,包括我在内。

同样,included也有介词用法,且:including + 宾语 = 宾语 + included。

所以上个例句亦可写成:There are 40 students in the classroom, me included.

4. succeed

succeed作不及物动词,意为“成功”;表示做某事做成功了,succeed 后通常接in doing sth。例如:

His plan succeeded.他的计划成功了。

At last he succeeded in solving the problem.

他终于把那个问题解决了。

She succeeded in passing the exam. 她考试及格了。

【拓展】

(1)success 表示抽象意义的“成功”,作不可数名词;表示具体意义的“成功的人或事”, 则是可数名词。例如:

Failure is the mother of success.

失败是成功之母。

His new book was a great success.

他新出版的书获得了巨大成功。

(2)successful作形容词,意为“成功的”。例如:

The performance was successful. 演出很成功。

It was a successful experiment.

那是一次成功的试验。

5. achieve

(1)achieve作及物动词,意为“完成;实现”。例如:

You will never achieve anything if you spend your time

that way.

你若总是这样消磨时间,就永远不会有所成就。

Everybody should be given the chance to achieve their aims.

要让每个人都有机会实现自己的目标。

No one can achieve anything without effort.

谁也不可能不努力而有所作为。

(2)achieve作及物动词,意为“达到;赢得”。例如:

The actor achieved fame when he was only nineteen.

那位演员十九岁时就成名了。

She achieved no success. 她没有获得成功。

【拓展】

achievement作名词,意为“成就;成绩”。例如:

The invention of the computer is a great achievement.

发明电脑是一大成就。

6. force

(1)force作名词,意为“力;力量;武力”。例如:

The force of the explosion broke all the windows in the building.

爆炸的力量震碎了这座建筑上的所有窗户。

The law should remain in force.

法律应当有效力。

We’ll settle the problem by force if necessary.

如果有必要的话,我们会用武力解决这个问题。

(2)force作动词,意为“强迫”。force sb. to do sth.意为“强迫某人做某事”。例如:

I can’t force him to stay.

我不能强迫他暂时留下来。

7. weigh

weigh表示“称……的重量”,是及物动词;表示“重(多少)”,是不及物动词。

He weighed the fish. 他称了这条鱼。

Do you often weigh yourself? 你经常称体重吗?

He weighs 60 kilos. 他体重60公斤。

The meat weighs five pounds. 这肉重五磅。

【拓展】

weight是名词,意为“重量,体重”。例如:

What’s your weight? 你体重是多少?

比较:by weight 和 in weight

by weight表示“按重量”,in weight表示“重量上”。例如:

Do they charge carriage by weight?

他们是按重量收取运费吗?

It’s smaller in size but greater in weight.

它体积比较小,但分量比较重。

8. take in

take in意为“吸入;吞入(体内)”。例如:

On weekends the Smiths usually drive to the countryside and take in the fresh air there.

周末,史密斯一家常驱车到农村去呼吸那里的新鲜空气。

【拓展】

(1)take in意为“领会;理解”。例如:

Before you translate a sentence, you should first take in the meaning of the words.

动手翻译句子之前,首先要理解单词的含义。

(2)take in意为“欺骗;蒙蔽”。例如:

Law will protect the girl taken in and sold by the abductor.

法律将保护那位被人贩子欺骗和拐卖的姑娘。

(3) take in意为“接收;收留”。例如:

The poor man had nowhere to live in, so we took him in.

那个可怜的人没有地方住,所以我们让他住在我家。

练一练:

I. 英汉短语互译。

1.出生时________________

2.跌倒________________

3.和某人一起玩________________

4.砍伐________________

5.吸入;吞入(体内)________________

6.in the future________________

7.talk about________________

8.walk into________________

9.as far as I know________________

10.give up________________

II. 根据汉语或首字母提示完成单词。

1.Every year thousands of t______ come to visit my hometown.

2.The Great Wall is an a_______ man-made object.

3.Many animals are in danger.We should do something to p______ them.

4.Work hard and you can a______ your dream.

5.It’s midnight,but I am not asleep,I am still a______.

6.Pandas feed on ______(竹子).

7.______(日本) is to the east of China.

8.His ______(病)was more serious than the doctor first thought.

9.The ______(旅行) took in six European capitals.

10.Are there any ______(野生的)animals in the forest?

III. 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

1.I want to know the ______(weigh) of the vegetables.

2.My sister couldn’t get to sleep.She was still _______(wake).

3.The boys were running in ______(excite).

4.He died after a long _______(ill).

5.She _______ (fall) over and broke her leg.

【参考答案】

I. 英汉短语互译。

1.at birth 2.fall over 3.play with sb.

4.cut down 5.take in

6.在将来 7.谈论 8.撞到;走进

9.据我所知 10.放弃

II. 根据汉语或首字母提示完成单词。

1.tourists 2.ancient 3.protect

4.achieve 5.awake 6.bamboo

7.Japan 8.illness 9.tour 10.wild

III. 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

1.weight 2.awake 3.excitement

4.illness 5.fell

中考英语重点核心词汇详解(S)(4565)

S

45. spread v.传播;扩散;张开,展开

词形变化:

过去式spread,过去分词spread

用法小结:

①表示“扩散,蔓延”,指影响更多的人或地方,后面可跟介词through/over/among等。例如:

The disease spread rapidly among the poor.

疾病在穷人中间迅速传播。

②表示“流传;散布,传播”,指信息或观点,可及物可不及物;其后可跟介词to/through/over等。例如:

Word spread quickly that she was leaving.

她要离开的消息迅速传开。

③表示“张开,伸开”,指手臂、手指、腿等;其后常接out。例如:

She spread her arms and the child ran towards her.

她张开双臂,孩子向她跑来。

(2019,浙江卷,词汇运用)

40. More and more people have realized the importance of spreading our _____________(传统的) culture.

46. standard n.&adj.标准(的)

用法小结→关联词组:

living standard=standard of living生活水平;

up to standard达到标准

名词用法:表示“水平,标准,规格,规范”,其后常接介词of:

How do you think of the general standard of education there?

你觉得那里教育的整体水准如何?

形容词用法:

①表示“正常的,标准的,普通的”,形容普遍接受的,相当于normal。例如:

This is our standard price.

这是我们的标准价格。

②表示“标准的”,指形状、大小、质量等。例如:

We make shoes in standard and wide sizes.

我们制造标准码和加宽码的鞋子。

词性转换:

standardiz(s)e v.使标准化,使统一;

standardiz(s)ation n.标准化;

standardiz(s)ed adj.标准化的

反义词:non-standard adj.不标准的,不规范的;不规则的

(2019,山东卷,阅读A)The United Nations has standards for safe listening.

47. state

n.状态,情形;国家;(美国的)州

关联词组:

state of mind心理状态,心境;

mental state精神状态

用法小结:

①表示“状况,状态,情况,情形”,指人的身体或心理状况或指物,相当于condition;其后常接介词of;

“处于……状态”用in…state表示。例如:

When we bought the house, it was in a terrible state.

我们买下这栋房子时,它的状况很糟糕。

②即可指“国家”,也可指国家的“州,邦”等。例如:

WTO member states世贸组织成员国;

the state government州政府

(2019,江苏卷,阅读填空)Emper or Qinshihuang united (统一) the seven majorstates into one country where the Chinese writing system began to develop in one direction.

48. stay n.&v.停留,逗留,呆;保持

用法小结:

名词用法:可数名词,但一般以单数出现,常和介词in/at搭配,和形容词long/short搭配。例如:

I had a short stay in that famous hotel.

我在那家有名的旅馆住过一小段时间。

动词用法:

①实义动词,表示“停留,逗留,留下”或者“暂住”,不及物动词,常和各种副词或介词搭配使用,如

stay(at) home呆在家;

stay for+ time /暂住多久;

stay in+ place呆在/暂住某地;

stayhere/there留在这里/那里;例如:

I stayed for a year in Paris to study art.

我在巴黎待了一年学习艺术。

②连系动词,表示“维持,保持原状”,

stay+ 形容词;

stay+ away/in/on;等。例如:

I can't stay awake any longer.

我瞌睡得再也熬不住了。

Stay away from my daughter!

不要缠着我女儿!

同义词:keep/remain v.保持,维持

(2019,浙江卷,阅读D)

2.- Sir, did you enjoy your stay in our________________?

- Yes, I slept well and I like thebreakfast.

A. hotel B. school

C. factory D. company

49. stealv.偷,窃取

词形变化:过去式stole,过去分词stolen

用法小结:

可指偷别人的东西,也可指剽窃观点等。常用于

steal sth. from sb/sth..结构。例如:

He’d stolen the flowers from our garden.

他偷了我们花园里的花。

A well-known scientist was punished for stealing his student’s idea.

一位著名科学家因剽窃学生观点受到惩罚。

词性转换:

stolen adj.偷走的;

stealthily adv.暗地里

(2019,江苏卷,阅读D)It was his job to keep the woods safe and to make sure that nobody stole the king's deer.

50. step

n.脚步;台阶,梯级;

v.走,跨步

用法小结→关联词组:

step by step逐步地;

first step第一步,首要步骤;

next step下一步;

watch your step注意脚下

名词用法:

1.表示“脚步,步”,常与动词take搭配,与副词back/forward搭配。例如:

Tom took a step back and held the dooropen.

汤姆后退一步,把门撑开着。

2.表示“梯级,台阶”。例如:

He climbed the wooden steps and rang the bell.

他爬上木楼梯,按响门铃。

3.表示“步骤,措施”,指一系列行动中的一步,相当于action/measure;

常和动词take搭配;

step后面可接in(doing) sth.或todo sth.;

还可接towards表示方向。例如:

The president took immediate steps to stop the fighting.

总统立即采取措施阻止战斗。

an important step towards peace

通往和平的重要一步

动词用法:

1.表示“跨步,迈步”,其后常接

forward/back/down/into等词。例如:

He stepped back to let me through.

他后退一步让我通过。

2.表示“踩,踏”,其后常接in/on等介词。例如:

You’re stepping on my foot.

你踩到我的脚了。

(2019,浙江卷,阅读D)The hospital can then take extra steps to take care of that baby so he or she does not get sick.

51. stick

v.粘住;卡住;坚持;

n.木棒(棍),枝条

用法小结→词形变化:

过去式stuck,过去分词stuck

关联词组:

stick together粘在一起;在一起,团结一致;

stick to sth.坚持(做某事,不怕困难)

动词用法:

1.表示“粘,贴”,可及物可不及物,常和介词on/to/in等搭配。例如:

He stuck a stamp on the envelope.

他把一张邮票贴到信封上。

stick the broken pieces together.

把碎片粘到一起。

2.表示“卡主,动不了”,

stick in sth.卡在……里面;

The key has stuck in the lock.

钥匙卡在锁里了。

名词用法:

1.表示“枝条,柴枝”,指树的组成部分。例如:

They collected sticks to start the fire.

他们捡来树枝生火。

2.指某些作为工具的“棍/签/条/槌”,或“条(棍)状物”。例如:

My Aunt walks with a stick.

我姑妈走路要拄拐棍。

词性转换:

stuck adj.被卡主的,不能动的;

sticky adj.粘(性)的;

sticker n.张贴物

(2019,湖北卷,单项填空)

37一Everyone should stick to his dream.

一Yes.A life without a dream is like a bird without ________, which can't fly.

A. wings B. water

D. food

52. stop

v.停,停止;阻止;n.停;(停车)站

用法小结:

动词用法:

1.表示“(使)停止,(使)终止”、“暂停,中止”,指不再继续;或“停下来”,指不再移动;

stop doing sth.停止做某事(同一件事);

stop to do sth.停下来做某事(另一件事);口语中常用

stop it/that表示“停下,住手”。例如:

Please stop crying and tell me what's wrong.

快别哭了,告诉我出了什么事。

Stop it! You're hurting me.

住手!你把我弄疼了。

2.表示“防止,阻止”,相当于prevent;

stop sb./ doing sth.阻止……做某事。例如:

The rain didn’t stop us from enjoying the trip.

那场雨没有妨碍我们享受旅行的乐趣。

名词用法:

1.表示“停止”的含义,常用于

come to a stop(某事)停止;

bring a stop停止(结束)某事。例如:

The UN is trying to bring the war to a stop.

联合国试图结束这场战争。

2.表示“车站”,或“中途停留(处)”,指停留的动作或指所停留的地点。例如:

Our first stop was Paris.

我们的第一站是巴黎。

反义词:continue v.继续

(2019,浙江卷,词汇运用)It just takes a moment to stop and pick something up off the ground.

53. strange

adj.奇怪的,奇特的;陌生的

用法小结:

1.表示“奇怪的,不寻常的,不可思议的”;常见于

something strange,

It’s strange that等结构。例如:

It's strange (that) we haven't heard from him.

奇怪,我们一直没有他的消息。

2.表示“陌生的,不熟悉的”;

strange to sb.对某人来说很陌生。例如:

At first the place was strange to me.

起先我对这个地方不熟悉。

词性转换:

strangely adv.奇怪地,奇妙地,不可思议地;

stranger n.陌生人,外人(同时也是strange的比较级形式);

strangeness n.陌生,冷淡

反义词:familiar adj.熟悉的

(2019,江苏卷,单项填空)

flying squirrel might be one of __________ animals you could meet during the trip.

A. strange B. stranger

C. strangest D. the strangest

54. strictadj.严格的,严密的;严苛的

用法小结:

1.可形容对人要求高,表示“严格的,严厉的”;常用于

be strict about sth.对某事很严格,

be strict with sb.对某人很严厉,严格

be strict in sth.对做的某事很严格,结构。例如:

She's very strict about things like homework.

她对作业之类的事要求非常严格。

They were always very strict with their children.

他们对子女一向十分严格。

2.也可修饰命令、规则等,表示“必须严格遵守的”,常和rule/law/limit等搭配。例如:

French privacy laws are very strict.

法国的隐私法非常严格。

词性转换:

strictly adv.严格地;

strictness n.严格,严密

(2019,江苏卷,阅读A)

23. Why are there two cartooning classes on the program?

A. Because the classes are for different age groups.

B. Because more time is needed to learn cartooning

C. Because there is a strict limit on numbers for each class.

D. Because some children might want to do both the classes.

55. strong

adj.强(壮)的;坚固的;强烈的;坚强的

用法小结:

1.表示“强壮的,力气大的”,形容体魄,指能干重活,举起重物等;常修饰hands/arms/muscles等。例如:

He picked her up in his big strong arms.

他用粗壮的双臂将她抱起来。

2.表示“坚强的,坚定的;不会动摇的”,形容意志、感情或观点等。例如:

Laura had a strong character.

劳拉个性坚强。

3.表示“坚固的,结实的”,形容物体不易破损或损坏。例如:

The locks on the doors were solid and strong.

门上的锁都很坚固结实。

4.表示“强大的,影响力大的”,或“强烈的”,相当于powerful,常用来修饰power/influence等。例如:

Such feelings may have a strong influence over your decisions.

这种情感可能对你的决定有很大影响。

词性转换:

strongly adv.强有力地;激烈地;

strength n.力量;力气;

strengthen v.变强;加强

(2019,北京卷,完形)

And moments of failure like this build ___20___ —since then I’ve learned to faced is appointment and grown stronger.

20.A. trust B. pride

C. character D. support

56. stupid adj.愚蠢的,笨的

用法小结:

可用来形容人,表示“笨的,头脑迟钝的”;形容事物,表示“愚蠢的,傻的”。例如:

I couldn’t do it, and it made me feel stupid.

这件事我做不来,这让我感到自己很愚蠢。

Whose stupid idea was this?

这是谁的蠢主意?

词性转换:

stupidly adv.愚蠢地;

stupidity n.愚蠢;糊涂事

同义词:

silly adj.傻的,愚蠢的:

silly的语气要比stupid温和许多。例如:

Don’t be so silly! There’s nothing wrong with you.

别傻了!你什么问题都没有。

反义词:smart/clever adj.聪明的

(2019,浙江卷,语法填空)This old man seemed pretty stupid. But are we so much smarter?

(2019,浙江卷,阅读D)

30. The overall tone (总基调) of this reading is _______________________.

A. sad and personal

B. personal and scientific

C. informative but silly

D. scientific and informative

57. subject

n.题目,主题;学科,科目;主语

用法小结:

①表示“主题,题目,话题”,指对话、讨论、书、电影等;

on the subject (of)关于……主题;

change the subject转换话题;例如:

Ihave nothing more to say on the subject.

关于这个问题,我再没有要说的了。

②在学校方面,表示“学科,科目;课程”,例如:

My favourite subject is math.

我最喜欢的学科是数学。

③在语法方面,表示“主语”,与宾语object相对应。

词性转换:

subjective adj.主观的;个人的;

subjectively adv.主观地

同义词:clever adj.聪明的

(2019,江苏卷,阅读D)

does Sam say, And think about it.: what helps you to be good at sport?

change the subject.

B. To introduce his next reason.

support Liz's idea.

D. To find an answer to the question.

58. succeedv.成功,达成

用法小结:

作不及物动词。“成功做某事”不要说succeed to do sth.,而说succeed in doing sth.。例如:

He succeeded in getting a place at art school.

他被艺术学校录取了。

词性转换:

success n.成功;

successful(ly) adj.成功的;有成就的

反义词:fail v.失败

(2019,山东卷,阅读B)Xiaodong thinks textbooks should include more stories about how great scientists had to struggle tosucceed.

59. sudden

adj.突然的;

n.突然发生的事

用法小结:

主要作形容词,可作表语,可作定语;常用来修饰change;

作名词多见于all of a sudden短语中,表示“突然”。例如:

a sudden change in the weather

天气的突然变化

All of a sudden, the lights went out.

突然,灯都灭了。

形容表面,“平滑的,光滑的”,相当于flat。例如:

词性转换:

suddenly=all of a sudden adv.突然地;忽然

(2019,北京卷,阅读D)

32. The word collapse in Paragraph 5 probably means____________.

A. a sudden failure

basic rule

C. a disappointing start

D. the gradual development

60. suggest v.建议,提议

用法小结:

suggest sb.向某人建议某事;“建议做某事”不能说suggest (sb.) to do sth.,

而要说suggest doingsth.或者

suggest (that) sb. (should) do sth.。例如:

Jenny suggested meeting for a drink after work.

珍妮提议下班后一起喝一杯。

I suggest you call him first. 我建议你先给他打电话。

熟词僻义:还可以表示“显示,表明”,其后可接名词或that从句;常用于suggest sth. to sb.结构。例如:

What do these results suggest to you?

照你看,这些结果说明什么呢?

词性转换:

suggestion n.建议:是可数名词,注意区分advice(不可数名词)

同义词:advise v.建议

(2019,北京卷,阅读D)But dependency on a network suggests possibilities of being harmed easily.

61. supply v.&n.供给,供应

用法小结→关联词组:

power supply电源;

water supply供水系统;

food supply食物供给

动词用法:

supply sb.=supply sb. with sth.

为某人供应某物。例如:

We can supply you with whatever you need.

我们可以提供任何你需要的东西。

名词用法:

①supply作不可数名词,指“供应/给,补给”这一动作;作可数名词,表示“供应量,供给量”。例如:

The electricity supply had been cut off.

电力供应被切断了。

Books were in short supply.

书籍供应短缺。

②复数形式supplies用来特指“(军队、探险队等的)补给(品)”。例如:

Our supplies were running out.

我们的补给快用完了。

词性转换:

supplier n.供应商;

supplementary adj.补充的;n.增补物

近义词:provide/offer v.提供

(2019,山东卷,阅读B)

32. Why did the U.S. order a ban on Huawei?

A. Huawei's sales in America were growing faster than Apple.

B. Huawei refused to supply services to the U.S. government.

C. They didn’t want Apple to sell parts and services to Huawei.

D. They thought Huawei collected information for the Chinese government.

62. suppose

v.猜想,料想,认为;假定

用法小结:

①不用进行式,通常接that从句;例如:

I suppose they’re going to sell the house.

我认为他们准备卖掉这栋房子。

②be supposed to do/be sth.

应该做某事/是某事物。例如:

I’m not supposed to tell anyone.

我不能告诉任何人的。

What time are you supposed to be there?

你应该几点到那儿?

词性转换:

supposition n.推测;假定;

supposedly adv.可能

近义词:guess v.&n.猜测,猜想

(2019年,山东卷,单项选择)

make rivers () than before, everybody is supposed to protect them.

A. dirty B. dirtier

C. clean

63. sure

adj.确信的,肯定的;

adv.的确,一定,当然

用法小结→关联词组:

for sure确实,毫无疑问地

形容词用法:

①be sure常接that从句;

not sure常接wh-从句;

be sure of (doing) sth.确定(做)某事;

be sure about sth.对某事有把握;

be sure to do sth.一定做某事。例如:

Are you sure that you know how to get there?

你肯定知道怎样到那里去吗?

Henry wasn’t sure how to answer this.

亨利不清楚该如何回答这个问题。

They were talking about her, she was sure of that.

他们在谈论她,她很肯定。

“That’s the man I saw last night.” “Are you sure about that?” “那就是我昨晚看见的那个男人。”“你确定吗?”

He’s sure to get nervous and say something stupid.

他肯定会紧张,说出一些愚蠢的话来。

②常用make sure表示“确保”或“查明,弄清楚”。例如:

I’ll lock the door, just to make sure no one goes inside.

我会锁上门,就为确保没人进去。

I wanted to make sure you were all right.

我想确认一下你是否没事。

副词用法:主要在口语中用于表达同意;有时会用sure enough果然,果真。例如:

“Can you give me a ride to work tomorrow?” “Sure.”

“明天我可以搭你的车去上班吗?”“当然可以。

Sure enough, Mike get lost again.

果然,迈克又迷路了。

词性转换:

surely adv.当然,无疑;

sureness n.确实

近义词:

certain adj.确定的,肯定的,确信的

(2019年,山东卷,动词应用)The driver, too, didn't do his best to make sure that his driving was safe.

64. surprise

v.使惊奇,使诧异;

n.惊奇,诧异

用法小结:

关联词组:

what a surprise真想不到;

a big surprise大吃一惊;

by surprise出其不意地

名词用法:

①指一种感觉,表示“惊奇,惊讶,诧异”,常见搭配有

in/with surprise惊讶地/诧异地;

to sb’s surprise另谋人惊讶地是;

give sb. a surprise让某人吃惊等。例如:

Bill looked at him in surprise.

比尔诧异地看着他。

Much to his surprise, she gave him her phone number.

令他颇感意外的是,她把电话号码给了他。

②指某事件,表示“意想不到的事,不同寻常的事”,或“令人惊喜的事物”。例如:

“I’ve got a surprise for you,” she said.

“我要给你一个惊喜。”她说道。

词性转换:

surprised adj.感到惊讶地;

surprising adj.令人惊人惊讶的,意外的;

surprisingly adv.惊人地;出人意外地

(2019年,江苏卷,完形)

When I'm asked to name my favourite place to eat in Suzhou, I will reply ___13___.

13.A. right away B. in surprise

C. at most there

65. symboln.象征,标志;符号

用法小结:

①表示“象征,标志”,或表示“代表,有代表性的人或物”,其后常接介词of。例如:

This ring is a symbol of our love.

这枚戒指是我们爱情的象征。

②表示“符号,标记”,其后常接介词for。例如:

What is the chemical symbol for gold?

金的化学符号是什么?

词性转换:

symbolic adj.象征(性)的;

symbolically adv.象征性地;

symboliz(s)e v.作为……的象征

(2019年,江苏卷,阅读填空)By the Shang Dynasty, these symbols had become a well-developed writing system.

声明:整理自网络!

I Become Mad是什么意思

答:意思是我疯了或者我生气了
如果能帮到您,请好评一个,谢谢

人教版九年级英语Unit6单词、课文知识梳理词汇句式精讲

01 Unit6 单词梳理

heel [hi:l] n. 鞋跟;足跟

scoop [sku:p] n. 勺;铲子

electricity [i?lek?tris?ti] n. 电;电能

style [stail] n. 样式;款式

project ['pr?d?ekt] ['prɑ:d?ekt] n. 项目;工程

pleasure [?ple??(r)] n. 高兴;愉快

zipper [?zip?(r)] n. (= zip) 拉链;拉锁

daily [?deili] adj. 每日的;日常的

have a point 有道理

website [?websait] n. 网站

pioneer [?pa??'n??] [?pa??'n?r] n. 先锋;先驱

list [list] v. 列表;列清单 n.名单;清单

mention [?men?n] v. 提到;说到

accidental [??ks??dentl] adj. 偶然的;意外的.

by accident 偶然;意外地

ruler [?ru:l?r] n. 统治者;支配者

boil [b?il] v. 煮沸;烧开

remain [r??me?n] v. 保持不变;剩余

smell [smel] v.(smelt[]smelt,smelled[] smelled)发出……气味;闻到

saint[seint] n. 圣人;圣徒

national ['n??n?l] adj. 民族的;国家的;

trade[tre?d] n.贸易;交易;v.做买卖;从事贸易;

take place 发生;出现

popularity [p?pj?'l?r?t?] n.受欢迎,普及,

doubt [daut] n. 疑惑;疑问 v. 怀疑

without doubt 毫无疑问;的确 .

fridge [frid?] n. 冰箱 .

low [lo?] adj. 低的;矮的

somebody ['s?mb?di] pron.某人 n.重要人物

translate [tr?ns?leit] v. 翻译 .

lock [l?k][la:k] v. 锁上;锁住 n.锁

ring [r??] v.(rang,rung)发出钟声或铃声;打电话

earthquake [??:(r)θkweik] n. 地震 .

udden [?s?d?n] adj. 突然(的).

all of a sudden 突然; 猛地.

bell [bel] n.钟(声);铃(声)

biscuit [?biskit] n. 饼干 .

cookie[?kuki] n. 曲奇饼干 .

musical [?mju:z?kl] adj. 音乐的;有音乐天赋的

instrument [?instrum?nt] n. 器械;仪器;工具.

crispy [?krispi] adj. 脆的;酥脆的.

salty [?s?:lti] adj. 咸的

sour [?sau?(r)] adj. 酸的;有酸味的 .

mistake 错误地;无意中

customer [?k?st?m? (r)] n. 顾客;客户 .

the Olympics [??limpiks] 奥林匹克运动会.

Canadian [k??neidi?n] adj. 加拿大的;加拿大人的 n.加拿大人 .

divide [di?vaid] v. 分开;分散 .

divide ...into 把……分开 .

basket [ba:ski[] n. 篮;筐 .

not only ...but also ...不但……而且……

look up to 钦佩;仰慕

hero [?hi?r?u] n. 英雄;男主角

Professional [pr??fe??nl] adj.职业的;专业的

Berlin [b?:lin] 柏林(德国城市) .

NBA (National Basketball Association) 国家篮球协会 (美国职业篮球联赛) .

CBA (China Basketball Association) 中国篮球协会(中国职业篮球联赛) .

Roy n. 罗伊(男子名)

Whitcomb [?witk?m] Judson [?d??ds?n]惠特科姆 ? 贾德森 .

Ruby [?ru:bi] 鲁比(人名)

Thomas [?t?m?s] Watson [?w?ts?n] 托马斯 ? 沃森

George [d??:(r)d?] Crum [kr?m] 乔治 ? 克拉姆

James[d?eimz] Naismith[?naismiθ]詹姆斯 ? 奈史密斯

02 Unit6 知识梳理

【重点短语】

's my pleasure.= My pleasure. 我的荣幸

+to+动词原形 好像做某事

a great invention 如此伟大的一项发明

of = think about 想到,考虑

our daily lives 在我们的日常生活中

my daily life在我的日常生活中

a point 有道理

accident 偶然地,意外地

an open fire 在篝火上

is said that 据说

is believed that人们相信

into(过去式fell into)=drop into掉进…

the 19th century 在19世纪

to other countries 传播到其他国家

a low price 以很低的价格

(brought) sth. to sp.把某物带到某处

of a sudden 突然地

than少于,不到

more than = over 超过

doubt 毫无疑问

that time 在那时

sb (not) to do sth建议某人(不要)做某事

doing sth 开始做某事

on sth 致力于某事

24.(be) similar to 与……相似

Olympics 奥运会

mistake 错误地,无意地

a mistake 犯错

...into…把…分成…

the end = at last = finally 最后

the same time 同时

【重点句型】

sth. to sb.

I gave a pen to him. 我给他一支笔。

sb. sth.

I gave him a pen. 我给他一支笔。

3. make sb./sth+形容词:使…怎么样

It made me happy. 它使我高兴

sb./sth+名词:让…...做…...

It made me laugh. 它让我发笑。

5. not…until… 直到…才…

I didn't go to bed until I finished my work.

我直到完成我的工作才去睡觉。

03 词汇精讲

1. invent

(1)invent 作动词,意为“发明;创造”。例如:

Edison invented the light bulb. 爱迪生发明了电灯。

(2)invent还可以表示“虚构”。例如:

The whole story was invented. 整个故事是虚构的。

(3) invent的名词形式有两个,一个是inventor(发明者;发明家),另一个是invention(发明物)。例如:

Edison is a great inventor in history.

爱迪生是历史上伟大的发明家。

Human history is also a history of great inventions.

人类的历史也是一个伟大发明的历史。

【拓展】invent和discover辨析

(1)invent 意为“发明,发明之物”指“从无到有”。例如:

Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876.

亚历山大·格雷厄姆·贝尔在1876年发明了电话。

(2)discover 意为“发现”,指“本来就已经存在,但不为人知”的事物。例如:

Columbus discovered America in 1492.

哥伦布在1492年发现了美洲。

2. for example

for example意为“例如”,强调“举例”说明,而且一般只举同类人或物中的一个作为插入语,且用逗号隔开。for example可置于句首、句中或句末。例如:

There are many kinds of pollution, for example, noise is a kind of pollution.

有许多种污染方式,例如噪音就是一种污染。

Many students like playing computer games,for example,Mike.

许多学生喜欢玩电脑游戏,比如迈克。

【拓展】

such as意为“例如”,用来“罗列”同类人或物中的几个例子,可置于被列举的事物与前面的名词之间,但such as后边不能用逗号。例如:

Many of the English programs are welcome, such as Follow Me, Follow Me to Science.

其中有许多英语节目很受欢迎,例如《跟我学》《跟我学科学》。

English is spoken in many countries, such asAustralia,Canadaand so on.

许多国家说英语,如澳大利亚和加拿大等。

3. popular

(1) popular作形容词,意为“流行的,受人欢迎的”。常用短语为be popular with,意为“受……的欢迎。例如:

The most popular sport is football. 最流行的运动是足球。

He is popular with our classmates. 他在我们班里有人缘。

(2)popular作形容词,意为“民众的;大众的”。例如:

Popular education is one of our major objectives.

民众教育是我们的主要目标之一。

He speaks in popular language. 他用通俗的语言讲话。

【拓展】

popularity作名词,意为“普及,流行;大众化”。例如:
Golf has gained popularity among the wealthy in my country.
高尔夫球已在我国富有的人中流行起来。
The popularity of private cars is changing the people’s life style.

私家车的普及正在改变着人们的生活方式。

4. remain

(1)remain用作不及物动词,意为“剩下、留下、呆在”,相当于stay。例如:

When the others had gone, Joan remained (=stayed) to clean the room.

别人走了,琼留下来清扫房间。

Only a few leaves remained (=were still) on the tree.

树上只剩下几片叶子了。

The Smiths remained there all through the year.

史密斯一家人在那里呆了整整一年。

The soldiers were ordered to remain where they were.

士兵们接到命令呆在原地。

(2)remain作连系动词,意为“一直保持,仍然处于某种状态中”。例如:

Peter became a manager but John remained a worker.

彼得当上了经理,但约翰仍然是一个工人。

Whatever great progress you have made, you should remain modest.

无论你取得了多么大的进步,你都应一直保持谦虚。

The shop remains open until 11 at night.

这个商店一直营业到晚上十一点。

Whether it will be good to us remains to be seen.

这是否对我们有好处,还有待观察。

5. smell

smell作名词,表示“气味”。smell作连系动词,意为“闻、嗅”,后面常用形容词作表语。例如:

What’s the pleasant smell? 香味是什么?

The dumplings smell nice. 这些水饺闻起来很好。

【拓展】  

(1)look,sound,smell,taste,feel这五个动词都与人的感觉有关,可称之为“感官”动词。这五个动词均可作连系动词,后面接形容词作表语,说明主语所处的状态。其意思分别为“看/听/闻/尝/摸起来……”。除look之外,其它几个动词的主语往往是物,而不是人。例如:

The old man looks very happy. 那个老人看起来很幸福。

These flowers smell very sweet. 这些花闻起来很香。

The tomatoes feel very soft. 这些西红柿摸起来很软。

(2)look,sound,smell,taste,feel这些动词后面也可接介词like短语,like后面常用名词。例如:

Her idea sounds like fun. 她的主意听起来很有趣。

place

take place常用于历史事件或会议的发生,以及化学、物理变化,有事先预料或计划的意思,即“计划发生”。例如:

The party took place yesterday evening. 昨晚举办了晚会。

Great changes have taken place in our hometown during the past ten years.

我们家乡在过去的十年里发生了巨大的变化。

【拓展】 

happen指具体客观事物的发生,常有偶然性,未能预见性,即“偶然发生”。happen和take place均为不及物动词,无被动语态。

(1) 表示“某地/某时发生了什么事”,常用“sth. + happened + 时间/地点”这一结构,此时主语应该是物。例如:

The story happened in 2008. 这个故事发生在2008年。

An accident happened in that street. 那条街上发生了一起事故。

(2) 表示“某人出了某事(常指不好的事)”要用“sth. + happened + to sb.”这一结构。例如:

A car accident happened to her this morning.

今天上午她出了车祸。

What happened to you? 你怎么啦?

(3) 表示“某人碰巧做某事”要用“sb. + happened + to do sth.”这一结构。例如:

I happened to meet a friend of mine in the street yesterday.

昨天我碰巧在街上遇到了我的一个朋友。

boil作动词,意为“使……煮沸,使……烧开”。例如:

I stood in the kitchen, waiting for the water to boil.

我站在厨房,等着水烧开。

【拓展】 

(1) boiling作形容词,表示 “炎热的; 沸腾的”。例如:

When everybody else is boiling hot, I’m freezing!

当其他所有人都酷热难耐时,我却冻得够呛!

Placing an egg into a huge pan full of boiling water isn’t easy either.

把蛋丢进一口装满开水大锅也不是容易的事。

(2)boiled作形容词,表示“煮过的;煮熟的”。例如:

I’d like to drink a glass of cool boiled water. 我想喝一杯凉开水。

8. achieve

( 1)achieve作及物动词,意为“完成,实现”。例如:

You will never achieve anything if you spend your time that way.

你若总是这样消磨时间,就永远不会有所成就。

Everybody should be given the chance to achieve their aims.

要让每个人都有机会实现自己的目标。

No one can achieve anything without effort.

谁也不可能不努力而有所作为。

(2)achieve作及物动词,意为“达到,赢得”。例如:

The actor achieved fame when he was only nineteen.

那位演员十九岁时就成名了。

She achieved no success. 她没有获得成功。

【拓展】

achievement作名词,意为“成就,成绩”。例如:

The invention of the computer is a great achievement.

发明电脑是一大成就。

9. pleasure

pleasure作名词,指“愉快的事,乐趣”。

It’s a pleasure to meet you. 见到你很快乐。

It’s my pleasure. 不客气(接受道谢时回答)。

【拓展】

(1) pleased作形容词,指外物作用于感官,使人感到“高兴、满意”,常见的结构为:be pleased+不定式或从句, be pleased with, be pleased at (about)。例如:

I’m very pleased with the performance. 我很满意这次表演。

We’re pleased about (at) your success.

对于你的成功我们很满意。

I’m quite pleased that she has got such a good chance.

我很高兴她得到这样一个好的机会。

(2) pleasant作形容词,意为“令人愉快的,讨人喜欢的”。例如:

They spent a very pleasant afternoon in the hills.

他们在山上度过一个令人舒心的下午。

Spring weather is pleasant. 春天的天气让人心旷神怡。

04 句式精讲

1. When was it invented?

…was invented …句意为“某物被发明……”,是被动句式。例如:

The abacus was invented in the sixteenth century by the Chinese.

算盘在十六世纪由中国人发明的。

Who was the light bulb invented by?灯泡是由谁发明的?

【拓展】

被动语态的结构是:主语+be done(及物动词的过去分词),be是随人称和时态变化而变化的。

(1)一般现在时的被动语态:am/ is/ are done 例如:

The blackboard is cleaned by the students every class.

黑板每节课都被学生擦干净。

(2)一般过去时的被动语态:was/ were done 例如:

The computer was invented last century.

电脑是上个世纪被发明的。

(3)一般将来时的被动语态:shall/will be done 例如:

A new school will be built in our village next year.

明年一所新的学校将在我们村庄建设。

(4)现在进行时的被动语态:am/is/are being done 例如:

A sports meeting is being held in our school now.

运动会正在我们学校举行。

(5)现在完成时的被动语态:have/has been done 例如:

All of the work has been finished since I came here.

自从我来这里以来,所有的工作都已经完成。

(6)含有情态动词的被动语态:can/may/must/should be done 例如:

Your homework must be handed in after school.

你们的家庭作业必须在放学后交上。

(7)复合宾语的被动语态:原来的句子是“主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语”,在变被动语态的时候只能将宾语变为被动语态的主语,宾语补足语变为被动语态的主语补足语。主动语态中宾语补足语是省掉to的不定式时,在被动语态中需要还原to。

They heard her sing an English song at the party.

他们在晚会上听到她唱了一首英语歌。

变为被动语态是:She was heard to sing an English song at the party.

2. But at that time, it wasn’t used widely.

sth. be used…是被动语态句式,表示“某物被使用……”。常用如下搭配:

(1)be used for 意思是“被用来做某事”,for是介词,它的后面用名词或者动名词作宾语。例如:

Knives are used for cutting things. 刀是用来割东西的。

(2)be used as意思是“被作为……使用”,as是介词,意思是“作为”。它强调被当作工具或者手段来使用。例如:

Our classroom is used as a reading-room.

我们的教室被用来当阅览室使用。

(3)be used by意思是“被……使用”,by后面跟人或者物,表示强调动作的使用者。

This radio is often used by my mother.

这台收音机经常被我的妈妈使用。

(4)be used to do something意思是“被用来做某事”,和be used for doing是同义词短语。

It is used for learning English.=It is used to learn English.

它是被用来学习英语的。

3. It is said that a Chinese ruler called Shen Nong was…

It is said that…是一个固定搭配的句型,it是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的that从句。它的思是“据说……”。例如:

It is said that Mary is very happy in London. (主语从句)

= They say that Mary is very happy in London.(宾语从句)

据说玛丽在伦敦是非常幸福的。

【拓展】

另外类似的句型有:It is believed…(人们相信),It is reported that …(据报道),It is supposed that… (据猜测)。例如:

It is believed that on December 21st,1981, the first basketball game in history was played.

人们相信历史上首次篮球比赛是在1891年12月21日举行的。

It is supposed that there is no life on the moon.

据推测月球上是没有生命的。

It is reported that another earth satellite has been put into orbit.

据报道又有一颗卫星上天了。

4. In England, tea didn’t appear until around 1660, but…

until意为“直到……”,有下列用法:

(1)作介词,后接时间名词,在句中作时间状语。作连词,后接从句,引导时间状语从句。例如:

She stayed there until 9 o’clock. 她一直等到9点钟。

We waited until the rain stopped. 我们等到雨停了。

(2) until用在肯定句中,多与持续性的动词连用。如:stand/wait/stay等,表示主句动作的终止时间。

(3) until可用于否定句中,即not…until…意为“直到……才”,常与非延续性动词连用。如:open/start/leave/arrive等,强调主句动作开始的时间。例如:

The child didn’t go to bed until his father came back.

直到父亲回来,那个孩子才睡觉。

5. Basketball has not only become a popular sport to play, but it has also become…

(1)not only...but also的意思是“不但……而且……”,连接两个并列成分,如果连接两个主语的时候,谓语动词和also后面的主语保持一致。

Not only my mother but also I like to go to the garden.

不仅妈妈而且我也喜欢去花园。

(2)以not only…but also 开头的句子往往引起倒装。

Not only did he complain about the food, but he refused to pay for it.

他不仅抱怨饭不好吃,而且拒绝付饭钱。

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